Oak Bottom Water Ditch Trail

FEATURES

• 2.75 miles one way
• Formerly a canal system, this converted trail was once part of a larger water system that provided year-round water to mining operations in the Clear Creek area during the gold rush era in the 1850s.
• Trail is shaded a fair portion of the way

TRAIL DESCRIPTION

Part of this trail once provided water to mining operations in the Clear Creek area during the gold rush era in the 1850s. Why would a water ditch be constructed next to a lake? (Remember the lake itself was not constructed until the 1960s.) Over 100 years ago a series of ditches and flumes crisscrossed these lands to move water. This water system allowed miners to work year-round. Some of the ditches were filled in to make pathways like this one.

The canal, now converted to a trail, is wide and flat in most places and provides easy access to the shoreline for those who
would like to cool off with a swim. It is popular with both
hikers and mountain bikers. Runners enjoy its peace and the
chance for quiet reflection as they jog during the early morning and evening hours. In addition, the trail offers several good fishing spots. Fishermen pull trout, bass, and catfish out of the lake.

Early risers may see bald eagles fishing on the arm of this lake. Great blue herons are often spotted in the little coves and marshy areas near the lakeshore. Look for western pond turtles sunning themselves on logs jutting out of the water.

Foothill and knobcone pines, manzanita, and several types of oak provide a fair amount of shade along the trail. Small seasonal streams also keep it cool. While following the trail along the shoreline, look across the water and notice Shasta Bally, the tallest mountain in the park at elevation 6,209 feet. In some years there is still snow at its
higher reaches in July!

While hiking next to Highway 299, notice the contrast of northfacing Shasta Bally, compared to the south facing slopes. These slopes are covered almost exclusively with manzanita. Note the influence that direction (and also topography) has on the plant communities present. Together, these two factors can also create interesting micro habitats.
Hikers will observe some interesting wildflowers along the trail. Indian Warrior, a unique flower, is present from late winter to early spring. One can picture its dense spike of blood red tubular flowers as an Indian headdress. The leaves clustered around its base are purple tinged and fern-like.

Another unusual flower is Calochortus, or hairy cat’s ear, which appears in late spring. It takes its name from the shape of its white petals and the dense, dark purple hairs within. A member of the Lily family, each plant has just one long leaf and one to seven flowers per plant.

The trail ends at a day use parking area near Carr Powerhouse. Just beyond the trailhead sign is a short stretch of asphalt road. Follow the road for a short distance until arrivingat the Carr Powerhouse with its large metal pipes, or penstocks, heading over the hill. It is part of the Central Valley Water Project created for the purposes of flood control, irrigation, and power generation.

Water from the Trinity River to the northwest is transferred through penstocks to Whiskeytown Lake. From here, it is again piped to Keswick Dam and released into the Sacramento River.

Whiskeytown Lake was created as part of this project.

DIRECTIONS

Starting at the Whiskeytown Visitor Center drive west on Highway 299 approximately 5 miles until arriving at the entrance to Oak Bottom Campground. Turn left here and follow the road for a short distance until noting the sign for Oak Bottom Water Ditch Trail on the right. It is just before the campground store. Parking is right next to the trailhead. This 2.75 mile easy trail is perfect for a short walk along the shore of Whiskeytown Lake.

Follow the trail approximately 50 yards down a gentle descent to a “T” at the bottom where you see a sliver of the lake. Turn right. Follow the lakeshore for awhile, then walk close to Highway 299, but only for about 300 yards. The trail again follows the lakeshore most the rest of the way, except for a short break when passing through a gate and crossing an old dirt road. The trail ends at a day use parking area near Carr Powerhouse.

-NPS.gov